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MINERAL CLASSIFICATION / SYSTEMATIK der MINERALE

           according to E.H. Nickel & M.C. Nichols (2009), H. Strunz & E.H. Nickel (2001)



5. CARBONATES
(Carbonates, Nitrates)


5.B: Carbonates with additional anions, without water


5.BA. With Cu, Co, Ni, Zn, Mg, Mn
 
                            
5.BA.05. Azurite group
 
Azurite Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2 mon., P21/c FOTO     A

 
5.BA.10. Malachite group
 
Malachite Cu2(CO3)(OH)2 mon., P21/a FOTOG
Kolwezite (Cu,Co)2(CO3)(OH)2 tric., P1 or P-1 FOTOIMA 1979-017
Glaukosphaerite (Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2 mon., P21/a FOTOIMA 1972-028
Nullaginite Ni2(CO3)(OH)2 mon., P21/m IMA 1978-011
Chukanovite Fe2(CO3)(OH)2 IMA 2005-039
Rosasite (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2 mon., P21/m G
Zincrosasite (Zn,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2 mon. Q
Mcguinnessite CuMg(CO3)(OH)2 mon., P21/a (?) IMA 1977-027
Pokrovskite Mg2(CO3)(OH)2 mon., P21/a (?) IMA 1982-054
Georgeite Cu2(CO3)(OH)2 amorphous IMA 1977-004,Rd

 
5.BA.15. Hydrozincite-Aurichalcite group
 
Hydrozincite Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6 mon., C2/m FOTOG
Aurichalcite (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6 mon., P21/m FOTOG

 
5.BA.20. Holdawayite group
 
Holdawayite Mn6(CO3)2(OH)7(Cl,OH) mon., C2/m IMA 1986-001

 
5.BA.25. Defernite group
 
Defernite Ca6(CO3,SiO4)2(OH)7-8 orth., Pnam FOTOIMA 1978-057

Structure analysis: Ca6(CO3)1. 5(Si2O7)0. 25(OH)7(Cl0. 5(H2O)0. 5) (Armbruster et al., Am. Min. 81, 1996, 625).

 
5.BA.30. Loseyite group
 
Loseyite (Mn,Mg)4Zn3(CO3)2(OH)10 mon., A2/a G
Sclarite (Zn,Mg,Mn)4Zn3(CO3)2(OH)10 mon., C2/m IMA 1988-026





 
5.BB. With Alkalies, etc.
 
5.BB.05. Barentsite group
 
Barentsite Na7Al(CO3)2(HCO3)2F4 tric., P-1 (Ps.-hex.) IMA 1982-101

 
5.BB.10. Dawsonite group
 
Dawsonite NaAl(CO3)(OH)2 orth., Imam FOTOG

 
5.BB.15. Tunisite group
 
Tunisite NaCa2Al4(CO3)4(OH)8Cl tetr., P4/nmm FOTOIMA 1967-038

 
5.BB.20. Sabinaite group
 
Sabinaite Na4TiZr2(CO3)4O4 mon., C2/c IMA 1978-071





 
5.BC. With Alkali-Earth cations
 
5.BC.05. Brenkite group
 
Brenkite Ca2(CO3)F2 orth., Pbcn FOTO IMA 1977-036

 
5.BC.10. Rouvilleite group
 
Rouvilleite Na3Ca(Mn,Ca)(CO3)3F mon., Cc IMA 1989-050

 
5.BC.15. Podlesnoite group
 
Podlesnoite Ca2Ba(CO3)2F2 orth., Cmcm IMA 2006-033





 
5.BD. With Rare-Earth Elements
 
5.BD.05. Cordylite group
 
Cordylite-(La) NaBaLa2(CO3)4F hex., P63/mmc IMA 2010-058
Cordylite-(Ce) (Na,Ca)BaCe2(CO3)4(F,O) hex., P63/mmc FOTOA
Lukechangite-(Ce) Na3Ce2(CO3)4F hex., P63/mmc IMA 1996-033
Arisite-(La) * NaLa2(CO3)3-xF1+2x hex., P-6m2 IMA 2009-019
Arisite-(Ce) * NaCe2(CO3)3-xF1+2x hex., P-6m2 IMA 2009-013

 
5.BD.10. Kukharenkoite group
 
Kukharenkoite-(Ce) Ba2Ce(CO3)3F mon., P21/c FOTOIMA 1995-040
Kukharenkoite-(La) Ba2La(CO3)3F mon., P21/c IMA 2002-019
Zhonghuacerite-(Ce) Ba2Ce(CO3)3F N

 
5.BD.15. Cebaite group
 
Cebaite-(Ce) Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2 mon., C2/m A
Cebaite-(Nd) Ba3(Nd,Ce)2(CO3)5F2 N

The material described as "cebaite-(Nd)" has a Ce : Nd ratio of 1.02 : 0.98 and is therefore a Nd-rich cebaite-(Ce). A Nd dominant composition was never found, and the status of the mineral should be rather "H" (hypothetical) than "N" (not approved).

 
5.BD.20. Bastnäsite-Synchysite group
 
     20 a. Bastnäsite series
Bastnäsite-(Y) Y(CO3)F hex., P-62c A
Bastnäsite-(La) La(CO3)F hex., P-62c A
Bastnäsite-(Ce) Ce(CO3)F hex., P-62c FOTOA
Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La) La(CO3)(OH) hex., P-62c (?) N
Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce) Ce(CO3)(OH) hex., P-62c (?) N
Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd) Nd(CO3)(OH) hex., P-62c (?) IMA 1984-060, Rn
Thorbastnäsite (Ca,Ce)Th(CO3)2F2 hex., P-62c A

     20 b. Parisite series
Parisite-(Ce) CaCe2(CO3)3F trig., R3 FOTOA
Parisite-(Nd) CaNd2(CO3)3F trig. N

     20 c. Synchysite series
Synchysite-(Y) CaY(CO3)2F mon., C2/c Rn
Synchysite-(Ce) CaCe(CO3)2F mon., C2/c FOTOA
Synchysite-(Nd) Ca(Nd,La)(CO3)2F orth. (ps.-hex.) IMA 1982-030

     20 d. Röntgenite series
Röntgenite-(Ce) Ca2Ce3(CO3)5F3 trig., R3 A

 
5.BD.25. Horváthite group
 
Horváthite-(Y) NaY(CO3)F2 orth., Pmcn FOTOIMA 1996-032

 
5.BD.30. Qaqarssukite group
 
Qaqarssukite-(Ce) BaCe(CO3)2F trig., P-3c1 IMA 2004-019

 
5.BD.35. Huanghoite group
 
Huanghoite-(Ce) BaCe(CO3)2F trig., R-3m A





 
5.BE. With Pb, Bi
 
5.BE.05. Shannonite group
 
Shannonite Pb2(CO3)O orth., P212121 (?) IMA 1993-053

 
5.BE.10. Hydrocerussite group
 
Hydrocerussite Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2 trig., P-31 FOTOG

 
5.BE.15. Plumbonacrite group
 
Plumbonacrite Pb5(CO3)3(OH)2O hex., P61/mcm G

 
5.BE.20. Phosgenite group
 
Phosgenite Pb2(CO3)Cl2 tetr., P4/mbm FOTOG

 
5.BE.25. Bismutite group
 
Bismutite Bi2O2(CO3) tetr., I4/mmm FOTO ENTDECKUNGG

 
5.BE.30. Kettnerite group
 
Kettnerite CaBiO(CO3)F orth., Pmmn FOTOG

 
5.BE.35. Beyerite group
 
Beyerite CaBi2O2(CO3)2 tetr., I4/mmm FOTO ENTDECKUNGG





 
5.BE. With Cl, SO4, PO4
 
5.BF.05. Northupite group
 
Northupite Na6Mg2(CO3)4Cl2 cub., Fd-3 G
Tychite Na6Mg2(CO3)4(SO4) cub., Fd-3 G
Ferrotychite Na6Fe2(CO3)4(SO4) cub., Fd-3 IMA 1980-050
Manganotychite Na6Mn2(CO3)4(SO4) cub., Fd-3 IMA 1989-039

 
5.BF.10. Bradleyite group
 
Bradleyite Na3Mg(CO3)(PO4) mon., P21/m G
Bonshtedtite Na3Fe(CO3)(PO4) mon., P21/m IMA 1981-026a
Sidorenkite Na3Mn(CO3)(PO4) mon., P21/m FOTOIMA 1978-013
Crawfordite Na3Sr(CO3)(PO4) mon., P21 IMA 1993-030

 
5.BF.15. Daqingshanite group
 
Daqingshanite-(Ce) (Sr,Ca,Ba)3Ce(CO3)3(PO4) trig., R3m IMA 1981-063

 
5.BF.20. Reederite group
 
Reederite-(Y) (Na,Mn)15Y2(CO3)9(SO3F)Cl hex., P-6 IMA 1994-012

 
5.BF.25. Mineevite group
 
Mineevite-(Y) BaNa25Y2(CO3)11(HCO3)4(SO4)2F2Cl hex., P63/m IMA 1991-048

 
5.BF.30. Brianyoungite group
 
Brianyoungite Zn12(CO3)3(SO4)(OH)16 orth. or mon. FOTOIMA 1991-053

 
5.BF.35. Philolithite group
 
Philolithite Pb12Mn7(CO3)4(SO4)Cl4O6(OH)12 tetr., P42/nnm IMA 1996-020

 
5.BF.40. Leadhillite group
 
Leadhillite Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)2(OH)2 mon., P21/a G
Macphersonite Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)2(OH)2 orth., Pcab IMA 1982-105
Susannite Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)2(OH)2 trig., P3 G








in bold: grandfathered, IMA accepted, renamed and redefined (with IMA approval) minerals,
in normal letters: minerals published without IMA approval, questionable minerals, polytypes


G = Grandfathered minerals: original description preceded the establishment of the CNMNC in 1959, and generally regarded as a valid species
A or IMA No. = Minerals approved by the CNMNC
Rd = Redefinition of the mineral approved by the CNMNC
Rn = Renamed with approval by the CNMNC
GROUP = a name used to designate a group of species
N = Mineral published without approval of the CNMNC
Q = Questionable mineral
H = Hypothetical mineral (synthetic, anthropogenic, etc.)
D = Discredited by the CNMNC
Poly = Polytype



© Thomas Witzke / Stollentroll (2007-2012)


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